The government appointed the Eiselen Commission whose terms of reference were to inquire into and to report on all aspects of native. Werner Willi Max Eiselen (–) was a South African anthropologist and linguist. He was an ally and associate of Hendrik Verwoerd, the Minister of Native Affairs from – and the Prime Minister of South Africa from – He led the Eiselen Commission, an advisory board that investigated native. The Eiselen Commission was responsible for developing the guidelines for the creation of native schools, designing the appropriate curriculum, and ultimately.
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After the qualifications for teaching certificates cokmission lowered, the staff in teacher training schools quickly changed and consisted mostly of blacks speaking primarily Bantu languages with a lackluster knowledge of English.
The genealogy of Afrikaner anthropology. Inaugural Lecture by ME West. How to cite this article.
InEiselen eiwelen on the Committee on Bantu Languages where the possibility of making Bantu languages available to Bantu students at commisson higher grade was explored. Courses such as cardboard modeling, gardening, carpentry, rudimentary agriculture, basket making, mat weaving, and brick making were standard training for boys, while girls underwent courses in sewing, needlework, and domestic work. This section needs expansion. Government schools commsision also affected. However, he accepted official positions such as that of Chief Native Inspector in Transvaal and Secretary of the Department of Bantu Administration and Development and was also as a member ofthe Broederbond.
To them, it was a vital, if not the only way of advancement and integration: Thus in this situation, students were not being fluidly immersed in the English language: The parents had no knowledge of what was being done in the schools and no share in the conduct thereof”.
In South Africa, commiasion theory was advanced through “volkekunde” and nurtured by Abraham Kuyper’s 3 the neo-Calvinist Dutch theologian, journalist and politician viewpoint and conception of ethnic locations. Firstly the state plays a role in the adjudication of intersphere boundary disputes. The work ofSouth African anthropologists. In all these capacities he made official pronouncements. In this study, I focused on sovereignty in the state and the sovereignty in society.
Eiselen’s books and works were commonly cited by the National Party and pro-apartheid South Africans, and he is sometimes referred to as an “intellectual architect” of the system. About the beginning of the hermeneutics of the self: During his childhood he learnt to speak Northern Sotho. Studies in African Social Anthropology.
A revisionist view of the contribution of Dr Eiselen to South African education: New perspectives
It reveals the multiplicity of factors behind an event. For example, from the early s, Eiselen had questioned the morality of the policy eiselem separation to the extent that he even labeled the Hertzog Commissikn Bills 8 as being morally suspicious.
In his exposition of the ethnos theory, Shirokogoroff did not refer to ethnos as ethnic groups themselves but referred to ethnos as designating a process in which groups are involved Shirokogoroff, The preservation of culture in different locations reserves was of primary importance to him.
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The state has to ensure that each sphere operates within its proper scope and does not interfere with another. In other words, the techniques of production, of signification or eisslen, and of domination Foucault He further mentions that any functional group which differentiates itself from a given population will be inclined to develop a specialised language and common culture, a notion that raised questions amongst many anthropologists Gordon, Following Foucault,I make use ofa “genealogical analysis.
Another fundamental key argument was that a cultural difference existed between the different groups of people making it impossible for different people to form part of one community. For Eiselen, the benefit of racial domination or separateness of groups based on racial prejudice was of secondary importance when compared to preserving ethnic diversity amongst the Bantu speaking people.
The second type of sovereignty is what Kuyper call the “sphere of spheres” sovereignty of the state which embraces the whole extent of human life. Turfloop, University of the North. With little choice and inadequate funding from Europe, the missions capitulated and their buildings were handed over. Foucault distinguishes three major types of techniques that can be used in a genealogical analysis approach: The financial burden for the maintenance of these units fell on Regional and Tribal Authorities.
Conclusions A number of perspectives that come into play for one to understand Eiselen’s contribution to the history of South Africa have been discussed.
The concept of a Volkuniversiteit. Afrikaner nationalism, apartheid and the conceptualization of race. Routledge and Kegan Paul.