Scientific name. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Subordinate taxa: Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc. Macrotyloma. Horse gram seeds (Indian name: Kulthi) Macrotyloma uniflorum, Organic Heirloom Untreated Seeds. For Growing Or Sprouting Horse Gram (Macrotyloma . Biflorus, horse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, madras bean, madras gram, poor man’s pulse, dolic biflore, grain de cheval, kerdekorn, pferdebohne, pferdekorn.

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Has value as a pioneer legume or sometimes a regenerating annual in permanent pasture. Can include ecosystem services. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.

Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. The primary center of origin and use of horse gram as a cultivated plant is in the plains and hills of low altitude extending southwards in the Western Ghats macrtyloma South West India.

If sown as a fast-developing pioneer, it provides useful early feed in a forage system.

India Biodiversity Portal

Search in all groups Search within this group. Low levels of hard seed reduce the amount of seed passing undigested through the grazing animal, and hence the potential for spread in this way. Relatively free of disease and pests.


It has high nutritional value equivalent to other commonly grown pulse crops in all aspects and also an unifloru, source of iron, molybdenum and calcium. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Moderately warm, dry climatic conditions are suitable for its optimum growth. It is best managed as a dry season feed reserve, with the high quality seed-in-pod remaining on the bush, and fallen leaf licked from the ground.

Views Madrotyloma Edit View history. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Horse gram belongs to the genus Macrotyloma and contains 25 species indigenous to Africa and Asia. Or, Login with your user account:. Hooker’s icones plantarum38 Sometimes sown with maize Zea maysso they mature together, the legume improving the quality of the maize residue.

Click on images to enlarge Scale bar 10mm. The latter produces black nodules, which are still effective. Stems clothed in white or pale backward-pointing hairs.


Factsheet – Macrotyloma uniflorum

Seed is sown in spring to early summer, 1—1. The seed has the ability to reduce postprandial hyperglycemia by slowing down carbohydrate digestion and reducing insulin resistance by inhibiting protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1 beta enzyme. Kew Uniflroum24— The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Ovary clothed in hairs. User specific search options User.

Flowers about 6 mm diam. Pod shortly stipitate, slightly curved, smooth or tomentose, linear-oblong, 2. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct macrotylomx level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc.

Macrotyloma uniflorum – Useful Tropical Plants

Idukki, Palakkad, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram. Flowers are self-fertile and cleistogamous, although evidence of some cross-pollination by insects. Technology Biodiversity in India.

In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Encyclopedia of Life EOL. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.